The Youth Justice Board for England and Wales YJB , a government body, decides what types of custodial place to purchase and where to place the majority of children sentenced into custody. Far too many children are being sentenced to custody, the numbers rising by almost 60 per cent between the early s and Within the custodial population, too many children are being sent to YOIs, where the regime is not suitable for more vulnerable children.
This was highlighted by the case of 16 year old Joseph Scholes, who committed suicide in after being placed in a YOI despite having a history of self harm. Like the rest of the prison estate, accommodation for children in custody is becoming overcrowded.
Overcrowding can worsen conditions in custody, putting pressure on staff and meaning that access to purposeful activities such as education and sport becomes limited. In YOIs, year olds only have an average of 8 hours of education per week. Youth Justice Board for England and Wales.
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Why is youth justice a human rights issue? Which human rights instruments are relevant?
The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child CRC , to which the UK is party, states at Article 3 1 that: [i]n all actions concerning children, whether undertaken by public or private social welfare institutions, courts of law, administrative authorities or legislative bodies, the best interests of the child shall be a primary consideration. What are the controversial aspects of the system in England and Wales?
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Kathryn has an interest in quantitative methodology, and extending new statistical techniques in other fields into criminological research. Her research focuses on the post-settlement lives of African migrant women, addressing transnationalism and belonging in Australia. Her work is grounded in a previous career in the refugee settlement sector in Melbourne.
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